Section tropical and subtropical fruits newsletter no 19 july 2018 dear colleagues, as chair of the section tropical and subtropical fruits of ishs, i am circulating this enewsletter for the last time. Diversity, distribution, taxonomic status and their use in fruit. Toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker 2mmethylvinylpyrazine mvp 1 twocomponent 2c1 synthetic food attractant of ammonium acetate and putrescine, mainly for female captures. For toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, the major tephritid pest of papaya fruit carica papaya l. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. New host plant and distribution records in mexico for anastrepha spp. Tephritidae in small to mediumsize cuaguayote and papaya fruits with low sugar content download download pdf. Xylella fastidioso xylello jastidiosa xylello jostidioso.
The papaya fruitfly toxotrypana curvicauda was intercepted at new orleans in papaya in stores from honduras. Toxotrypana curvicauda, the papaya fruit fly, is a species of fruit fly in the family tephritidae. Braconidae parasitizing the papaya fruit fly toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker 1860. Tephritidae 2 male fly resembles the female with a hairy, but less markedly banded, stalked abdomen and without the ovipositor body length. Synthetic 2methyl6vinylpyrazine elicited typical pheromonal responses from unmated mature female. Braconidae 2 the cu2 submarginal cell of the forewing is fivesided and relatively long compared to cu1 and cu3 wharton and marsh 1978. Apr 29, 2015 in toxotrypana curvicauda, the maximum peak and the temporal pattern of the pheromonal compound 2methyl6vinylpyrazine released were modified by the presence of host fruit and conspecific males or females. Draft amendments on the quarantine requirements for the importation of plants or plant products into the republic of china a.
Tephritidae article pdf available in florida entomologist 914. A scale for assessing damage to papaya fruit by the papaya fruit fly toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker was used in the field to help detect egg and larval infestation. Postharvest insects and their control sciencedirect. Papaya fruit fly suggested common name, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker insecta. Hymenopteran parasitoids on fruitinfesting tephritidae. First record of diachasmimorpha longicaudata ashmead.
Tephritidae, in relation to its host plant, carica papaya l. You can merge pdfs or a mix of pdf documents and other files. Larvae of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, in papaya. Media related to toxotrypana curvicauda at wikimedia commons.
To change the order of your pdfs, drag and drop the files as you want. List of intercepted plant pests, 1936 list of pests recorded during the period july 1, 1935, to june 30, 1936, inclusive, as intercepted in, on, or with plants and plant products entering united states territory introduction this paper covers the twentythird. Papaya fruit fly suggested common name, toxotrypana. Mosca toxotrypana curvicauda pulgon verde del melocotonero myzus persicae oruga del lepidoptero erinnyis spp. Mexico is the principal source of fresh papaya imports by the united states, while additional imports arrive from such countries as belize, brazil, jamaica, and. Details biology of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana. This document is eeny021, one of a series of the department of entomology and nematology, ufifas extension. Biology of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda, in florida related titles.
Pdf influence of age, time and plant on toxotrypana curvicauda. Protein, lipid, carbohydrate, and energy contents of three artificial diets xal2, met1, and met2 used for laboratoryrearing and massrearing the mexican fruit fly, anastrepha ludens loew, for a sterile insect technique program were measured. First record of diachasmimorpha longicaudata ashmead 1905 hymenoptera. Ca gazette supplement prbcmmatibns, rules and regumtlons 337 vol. Morphology and distribution of sensilla on tarsi and. First record of diachasmimorpha longicaudata ashmead hymenoptera. Antennal sensilla of toxotrypana curvicauda diptera. A deep genetic differentiation exists between asian var. Please, select more pdf files by clicking again on select pdf files.
Hymenopteran parasitoids on fruitinfesting tephritidae diptera in latin america and the southern united states. Hawaiian solo naturally infested with toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker 1860 were obtained from an papaya orchard located at the ceprobi experimental field in morelos, mexico for details on weather, vegetation and localization see aluja et al. Biology of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda. Pdf antennal sensilla of toxotrypana curvicauda diptera. Tephritidae are major pests of fruit crops, and some species in the economically important genera anastrepha, bactrocera, ceratitis, and rhagoletis have been colonized for laboratory or mass rearing on artificial diets christenson et al. Towards the implementation of a dna barcode library for. Antennal morphology and funicular sensilla of male and female papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, were studied with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. A maleproduced sex pheromone of the papaya fruit fly,toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, was isolated from volatiles collected from air passed over calling males and was identified as 2methyl6vinylpyrazine by comparative gasliquid chromatographic and spectroscopic evidence. Sensilla on the antennal funiculus of the blow fly. The extraction of the compounds emitted by one hundred males was done with a dynamic aeration sq, using hexanic extract. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of maleproduced sex. The papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, is the principal insect pest of papaya carica papaya l. Therefore, to our knowledge this is the first demonstration that pheromone emission is increased in males that have been exposed to.
The aim of this research was to identify and to synthesize the volatile compounds emitted by calling males of t. Prohibited plants or plant products pursuant to paragraph 1, article 14, plant protection and quarantine act 1. How to merge pdfs and combine pdf files adobe acrobat dc. Introduction back to top the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, is the principal insect pest of papaya carica papaya l. I have took over the responsibility of compiling and circulating this e newsletter. Synthetic 2methyl6vinylpyrazine elicited typical pheromonal responses from unmated mature female flies such as. Toxotrypana curvicauda tcur teocelo, veracruz, mex. Costly nutritious diets do not necessarily translate into. Toxotrypana curvicauda ausente region hemiptera aleurocanthus spiniferus.
Wasp parasitoid utetes anastrephae viereck insecta. Pdf new host plant and distribution records in mexico for. Tephritidae, has several known hosts apart from the commercially valuable papaya carica papaya l capparales. View of oviposition by toxotrypana curvicauda diptera. International society for horticulural science section tropical and subtropical fruits newsletter no 19 july 2018 dear colleagues, as chair of the section tropical and subtropical fruits of ishs, i am circulating this enewsletter for the last time. Egg the egg is long, slender, and yellow with a long cylindrical stalk. The papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker. Xylosandrus mutilatus camphor shoot beetle acari mites scientific name family 119. Isolation, identification, and synthesis of maleproduced. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Most studies on the papaya fruit fly have been carried out with c.
A maximum of twentyfive snps of each taxon were chosen for the selection procedure, with preference given to nonsilent snps and to snps with higher variance, i. Toxotrypana curvicauda carica papaya hemiptera abgrallaspis cyanophylli polifaga acyrthosiphon porosum rosa sp. Head and buccal carinae lateral view of the larva of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker. Aphis craccivora albizia julibrissin silk tree, arachis hypogaea groundnut, cajanus cajan pigeon pea, gleditsia triacanthos honey locust, lens culinaris ssp. Th e papay a frui t fly, toxotrypana curvicauda ger staecker, wa s introduce d int o florid a b y 190 5 kna b an d yother s 1914, wher e i t i s no w a majo r pes t o f papayas. Mexico is the principal source of fresh papaya imports by the united states, while additional imports arrive from such countries as belize, brazil, jamaica, and the dominican republic. Behavior of the papaya fruit fly toxotrypana curvicauda gerstacker diptera.
Genetic analyses suggest the middle east region as the most likely origin of invading populations 21, 22, 38. The genera bactrocera is a large genus of tephritid fruit flies, with. The consensus sequences were then used as input files for the script. Return to article details improved pheromonebased trapping systems to monitor toxotrypana curvicauda diptera.
In this study, the typology, number, size, and distribution pattern of sensilla on tarsi and ovipositors of six fruit fly species, including bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, bactrocera diaphora hendel, bactrocera dorsalis hendel, bactrocera minax enderlein, bactrocera scutellata hendel, and. Federal register importation of papaya from colombia. Rearrange individual pages or entire files in the desired order. Click, drag, and drop to reorder files or press delete to remove any content you dont want. Merge pdf files combine pdfs in the order you want with the easiest pdf merger available. However, the distribution of suitable conditions for b. Cross section of the funiculus is roughly triangular in shape, with an anteriormedial, anteriorlateral, and posterior surface. Adult female papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker. The family tephritidae contains nearly 4,500 known species, including some of the worlds most significant agricultural pests. The papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker diptera. View of improved pheromonebased trapping systems to monitor.
List of prohibited plants or plant products, countries or districts of origin and the reasons for. Biology of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda, in. This particular orchard was surrounded by ficus spp. Life cycle and behavior utetes anastrephae is a larvalprepupal synovigenic produce eggs over the life of the adult, endoparasitic koino. Click add files and select the files you want to include in your pdf. I of the first schedule shall be either a single use permit or a mdtiple use permit. Ausente region aleurocanthus woglumi solo presente en brasil bajo control oficial y. Tephritidae 5 management prevention of egglaying is the key to controlling papaya fruit fly. It is necessary to kill the adult female before she deposits eggs in the fruit. Draft amendments on thequarantine requirements for the. They are major and widespread destructive pests in agriculture worldwide with the larval stages being frugivorous on a wide range of fruit and vegetables clarke et al. Aphis craccivora albizia julibrissin silk tree, arachis hypogaea groundnut, cajanus cajan pigeon pea, gleditsia triacanthos honey locust. In toxotrypana curvicauda, the maximum peak and the temporal pattern of the pheromonal compound 2methyl6vinylpyrazine released were modified by the presence of host fruit and conspecific males or females. The morphology of the antennal funiculus and the external morphological characteristics and distribution of sensilla of blow fly, protophormia terraenovae, have been studied using light and scanning electron microscopy.
Commodity or animal insect commercial or homeowner type of pesticide herbicide, insecticide. Male sexual behavior and pheromone emission is enhanced by. Toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker the papaya fruit fly is a morphologically distinct fruit fly and a key pest of papaya in the new world. Tephritidae are among the most important pests of fruits and vegetables. The larval survival, pupation, pupal weight, adult emergence, sex ratio, and flight capacity of the flies reared on each of these diets. Toxotrypana is an obsolete genus of tephritid or fruit flies in the family tephritidae, now anastrepha. The proposed rule would only allow the importation of papaya from colombia and ecuador into the continental united states. Tephritidae al f r e d o ji m e n e zpe r e z 1, pa t r i c i a vi l l aay a l a a n d vi c t o r lo p e zma rt i n e z 2. A maleproduced sex pheromone of the papaya fruit fly, toxotrypana curvicauda gerstaecker, was isolated from volatiles collected from air passed over calling males and was identified as 2methyl6vinylpyrazine by comparative gasliquid chromatographic and spectroscopic evidence. In haiti, the mango crop production has an important dual role in local. Assessing the risk of invasion by tephritid fruit flies. Federal register importation of papaya from colombia and.247 1023 88 12 1413 1494 657 382 1024 117 975 311 918 539 189 845 1473 1574 161 378 968 20 1612 1165 1436 142 552 1565 1368 453 1184 1295 75 177 981 414 1013 59 1244