The causes and effects of air pollution air pollution pollution is defined as the presence of substance in the environment which has harmful and negative effects. The epas clean air act of 1970 is one of many air pollution solutions put into effect around the globe. Air pollution is also likely to affect health over the longer term. In the interim, air pollution levels have fallen while the u. Pollution has been known to cause allergies, disease, damage to crops. Pollution can be classified into two sections, visible air pollution and invisible air pollution. The air pollution control act of 1955 funded research to identify causes.
When looking at research completed about the environmental and social implications of air pollution, one can find numerous aspects such as the effects on ozone, human health, and ecosystems. Environmental impacts of air pollution greentumble. Your actual risk of adverse effects depends on your current health status, the pollutant type and concentration, and the length of your exposure to the polluted air. Examples of health effects for europe air pollution causes 1. Effects of watching too much tv many effects of a situation. Chlorofluorocarbons cfcs reduces the amount of ozone. Sometimes an event causes something to happen, and that situation leads to another event, and it causes another event to happen. We cannot underestimate the effects air pollution has on the ozone layer which largely contributes to the existence of organisms on the planet. Air pollution can also be described as the variation of air due to any physical, chemical or biological modification which leads to adverse effects on environment and humans. An everincreasing medical understanding of air pollution. Air pollution is a mix of particles and gases that can reach harmful concentrations both outside and indoors. What are the causes of air pollution pollutant description and main uk sources potential effects on healthenvironment particulate matter pmpm 10 and pm 2. The effects of air pollution on a persons health can range from mild breathing difficulties to severe.
Air pollution refers to any physical, chemical or biological change in the air. The act regulated interstate transport of pollutants. It causes numerous diseases in human organisms, animals, natural crops, ruins the balance of the environmental system, and even causes deaths. Air pollution reduces plant biodiversity and affects other. Pdf effects of air pollution on human health and practical. New data from who shows that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants. Jan 31, 2014 types of air pollution there are several types of air pollution, mainly indoor air pollution and out door air pollution. Air pollution is associated with a number of adverse health effects, including heart disease, stroke, lung. Recent estimates suggest that the disease burden due to air pollution is substantial. In this infographic you can know how it affects human beings. Air pollution is an undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of air.
Keep reading to learn more about the different types of air pollution, their effects, and possible ways to control them. Moreover, the effects of air pollution on a child can have. Find out the causes, effects and solutions to air pollution, and how you can contribute to prevent, control and reduce it. This paper presents the issue of air pollution and discusses the latest findings of fundamental research with regard to its consequences on human. Each solution goes through a strict assessment process performed by independent experts.
Environment dying is global perilous point which catastrophically the human, animals and plants. Pdf air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact. Air pollution is a change in the physical, chemical and biological characteristic of air that causes adverse effects on humans and other organisms. Air pollution threatens the health of humans and other living beings in our planet. Pollution 6 there are other causes of air pollution, but humans and ecosystems are greatly affected by means of transportation and manufacturing plants. Researchers have found that air pollution is a leading cause of global death.
Pdf environmental pollution causes and consequences. There are challenges however that preclude high quality research on the health effects of air pollution from being. Air pollution is now the biggest environmental risk for early death, responsible for as many as 5 million premature deaths each year from heart attacks, strokes, diabetes and respiratory diseases. For further information on air pollution, the air pollution index will. Air pollution may be a leading global cause of death. Studies on the relationship between air pollution and reducing species diversity clearly show the detrimental effects of environmental contaminants on the extinction of. Land pollution is common, and it is important for us all to know about its crippling effects. In large cities, over eighty percent of fatal pollutants that cause lung damage come from cars, buses, motorcycles and other vehicles on the road. Air pollution reduces the economic value of crops and leads to expensive cleaning of cultural heritage. Air pollutants can be caused by secondary and primary sources.
Air pollution levels remain dangerously high in many parts of the world. Another type of pollution is the release of poisonous gases. Many industries generate their own power and use water to cool their generator. Jul 30, 2018 sadly enough, with the rise of the industrial development, access to the clean air and water has become a luxury. Understanding of the longterm health effects of exposure to air pollution is currently rather limited, but experts suggest that cutting long term exposure to. Acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids. The addition of human population and human activities will make increasing the air pollution. Air pollution will remain a problem in the future air pollution continues to cause cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. The ultimate result is a change in the natural environment andor ecosystem. These include smog, acid rain, the green house effect and hole in the ozone layer. A who global comparative analysis of air pollution17 concluded that ambient air pollution increased by 8% between 2008 and 20. This project will introduce air pollution in general point of view, describe the cause pollutants, human effects, and explain critical environmental effect in present time.
While those effects emerge from longterm exposure, air pollution can also cause shortterm problems such as sneezing and coughing, eye irritation, headaches, and dizziness. Nov 04, 20 air pollution causes, effects and control measures air pollution air pollution may be defined as the presence of one or more contaminants like dust, mist, smoke and colour in the atmosphere that are injurious human beings, plants and animals. Also introduced are a brief history of air pollution. Although industry does cause air pollution, the vehicles crowding the highways produce many, if not most, of the chemicals that cause smog and pollution related health problems. Air pollution in buildings can come from indoor sources and from air exchange with outdoor ambient pollution.
Day by day the fresh air of the surroundings is getting. Smog forms when the weather is warmer and theres more ultraviolet radiation. These materials, known as pollutants, have several bad effects on human health and the ecosystem. Acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and. It creates smog and acid rain, causes cancer and respiratory diseases, reduces the ozone layer atmosphere and contributes to global warming. The first act to reduce air pollution was the clean air act of 1963. Total emissions of the six common pollutants dropped an average of 73 percent, while gross domestic product grew by more than a factor of three.
The effects of air pollution essay essaywritingstore. Pdf air pollution occurs when gases, dust particles, fumes or smoke. Dec 14, 2016 air pollution in its most basic definition is the introduction of harmful substances into the earths atmosphere. While the epidemiological evidence for the health impacts of air pollution in india is strong, strengthening it in several aspects as outlined in this report would aid in more informed policymaking. Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans, damage other living organisms such as. The causes of beijings widespread air pollution can be attributed to a number of factors.
Causes and effects of air pollution go green academy. Effects of dying environment on human, animals and plants. These substances linger and cause many adverse effects. Jul 27, 2017 air pollution is caused by a wide variety of things. Air pollution definition, causes, effects and control. Air pollution appears to cause or contribute to a variety of health conditions. Air pollution in ghana dangerous levels of toxic air, mainly from car exhaust, rubbish fires, road dust, and soot from biomassfuelled cookstoves, is killing thousands of people in ghana every year, figures from the world health organization who have revealed. Vehicle pollution also transport pollution, motor pollution is the introduction of harmful material into the environment by motor vehicles. It is the contamination of air by harmful gases, dust and smoke which affects the plants, animals, and humans drastically. Many scientists believe that by reducing emissions from factories and vehicles, air quality can be. Human activities that result in air pollution include. Air pollution causes, effects and control measures air pollution air pollution may be defined as the presence of one or more contaminants like dust, mist, smoke and colour in the atmosphere that are injurious human beings, plants and animals. Irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and breathing difficulties worsening of existing lung and heart problems, such as asthma increased risk of heart attack in addition, longterm exposure to air pollution can cause cancer and damage to the immune, neurological.
Even plants and wild animals living in distant ecosystems suffer greatly of the negative impacts of air pollution. A recent boom in the literature of air pollution has spurred a number of studies in economics that have used quasiexperimental methods to measure how shortrun exposure to air pollution can impact infant mortality, adult mortality. High levels of air pollution can cause an increased risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing, and breathing problems, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Air pollution is a problem that greatly affects those living in large, urban centers and the third world. Thus deforestation cause a chain effects which adversely affect the natural environment.
Air pollution causes damage to human health, crops, ecosystems and cultural heritage the scientific data presented in this brochure have been collated by the working group on effects to support the revision of the 1999 protocol to abate acidification, eutrophication and. Feeling the reverberations of air pollution, poor air quality is now thought to cause 35,000 or more premature deaths in the uk each year marszal, 2010. When air quality is dampened by pollution, immediate and longer term consequences take place. Apr 03, 2020 air pollution has multiple sources, including natural as well as manmade sources. It is the contaminants of air by the discharge of detrimental substances. Impacts of air pollution on human health, ecosystems and. Dynamics and trends of air pollution air pollution is considered an emerging risk, and its dynamics depend on a broad range of factors. Examples of such pollutants include carbon monoxide, hydrogen, nitrogen oxide, particulate matter, ammonia. World bank 2002 found particulate matter is the most serious pollutant in large cities in south asia. Oct 17, 20 air pollution is already known to increase risks for other diseases, especially respiratory and heart diseases. Air pollution is caused when air in the atmosphere is filled with particulate matter.
Studies show that levels of exposure to air pollution have increased significantly in some parts of the world, mostly in rapidly industrializing countries with large populations. As you know, humans and other living creatures rely on the atmosphere for respiration. This air pollution destroys plants, damages buildings and creates oxidation on iron. Interactive qualifying project air pollution in asia. In fact, they claim that it can raise death risk significantly more than other major causes of. The reinsurance industry has recognized that air pollution should be considered as an important emerging risk4. Emissions from different transport modes, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial production, forest fires, aerosol use and radiation fare some of the main causes of air pollution such sources of emissions liberate gases and substances that are toxic for human beings, the most harmful of which are. Effects of air pollution on human health and practical. Another type of air pollution is then worsened by that increased heat. The effects of air pollution wreck havoc on human health and our planet as a whole. Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. The air pollution is a condition where there are many chemical, physical. Health impacts of air pollution environmental defense fund. A major study links pollution in cities with deaths of elderly and sick people on a daily basis.
The air is the most important nature component to support human and organism life. They are known to create several heart and respiratory conditions along with cancer and other threats to the body. Second, air pollution has many adverse impacts on peoples health. For in stance, air pollution is responsible for 5% of global disease wania and mackay, 1996. Air pollution facts, causes and the effects of pollutants in. Those affected by poor air quality can develop serious breathing and health problems such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and even emphysema. These acids are formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Environment is polluted often by natural phenomenon, such as earthquakes, floods, drought, cyclones, etc.
Since then we have gone on to pollute more of the earths surface. Causes of air pollution multiple factors leading to air pollution. Along with harming human health, air pollution can cause a variety of environmental effects. An increase or decrease in the composition of these gases is harmful to. There is a certain percentage of gases present in the atmosphere. Air pollution is the largest environmental pollution risk factor. A major study on urban pollution carried out in 650 cities worldwide has confirmed the fear that air pollution impacts on human health in the short term and is directly linked to the. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it. Definitions and classifications used in the study of air pollution are introduced. Air pollution is nothing but the presence of various gases and particles in an unsuitable and dangerous proportionate that intimidate environment, flora and fauna.
Pollution from natural occurrences is not very often. Dec 18, 2016 pollution is destroying ecosystems and drinking water, and wreaking havoc on human and environmental health. Sep 01, 2016 air pollution is also considered as the major environmental risk factor for some respiratory diseases such as asthma and lung cancer. Air exchange may be active, as in the case of a mechanical ventilation system, or passive, as in the case of infiltration associated with temperature or pressure differences between the outside and the interior of a building. One type of air pollution is the release of particles into the air.
Even healthy people can experience health impacts from polluted air including respiratory irritation or breathing difficulties during exercise or outdoor activities. An increase in the optimum water temperature by industrial process steel factories, electric power houses and atomic power plants may be called as thermal pollution. Air pollution is the presence of one or more disadvantageous content in such quantity and for such duration, as it is catastrophic, or tend to be catastrophic, to human health and welfare, animal or plant life. Air pollution causes damage to human health, crops, ecosystems. Consequences of air pollution co 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the socalled greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the earth during the night increasing the amount of co 2 in the atmosphere. Air pollution is a major factor that creates bad influence to human health and cause respiration disease. Until recently, environmental pollution problems have been local and minor because of the earths. In europe and in the us, the effects of air pollution appear to be more. Radioactive fallout causes air pollution from the nuclear energy dispersed, which is a dust. The most recent data from the global burden of disease.
The cost of air pollution consequences on the economy. Air pollution, facts and information national geographic. Air pollution has been shown to have causal impacts along an array of health and economic dimensions. Pdf causes, consequences and control of air pollution. In this industrial age, air pollution cannot be eliminated completely. Some of the common pollutants are dust, soot, ash, carbon monoxide, excess of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons cfc, lead compounds, asbestos dust, cement dust, pollens and radioactive rays. Effects to support the revision of the 1999 protocol to abate acidification, eutrophication and. Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and. Air pollution facts, causes and the effects of pollutants. Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one major cause of air pollution, also vehicles like cars, trains and airplanes cause a big amount of air pollution. The service reports levels of the five main air pollutants that can cause immediate health effects, against a numerical index as. Ecologically, air pollution can cause serious environmental damages to the groundwater, soil, and air. Health impacts of air pollution around the world, nine out of 10 people breathe unhealthy air. Its effects can range from higher disease risks to rising temperatures.
The cause and effect relationship of air pollution and chronic effects on health is in a way difficult to prove due to long time contact and. Air pollutants they are the substances which pollute the air. Nevertheless, the effects of air pollution are shocking. Air pollution is the harmful substances including particulate matter and biological molecules on earth ins atmosphere which can cause the disease, allergies, or the death of people can also damage other living organisms. For the causes of air pollution to be well articulated, it is important to delve into the types of air pollutants. Climate change also increases the production of allergenic air pollutants including mold thanks to damp conditions caused by extreme weather and increased flooding.70 1361 779 416 787 1166 1337 221 1207 17 1064 20 910 177 431 339 1106 389 425 554 182 1288 435 214 488 222 1467 826 1260 976 476 418